MuseumTerres de l’Ebre
La serreta de Freginals (Foothills). Man and nature information area
La Serreta de Freginals is a group of foothills which are set apart from the Montsiˆ mountain range. Despite their reduced altitude (240 m.), there are some great views from the top: to the north there is the Ebro valley and coastal mountains; to the east is the Ebro delta; and to the south Montsiˆ mountain range.
Much of the land is municipal and has been used as pastures for many years. In fact, the name Freginals comes from the word ÔfarraginalÕ meaning crop field and one of the first documents referring to this area establishes the land for pastures, and this was conceded to the Òh˜mens del FerreginalÓ; marking the limits of a communal area in which the Serreta was included.
The landscape around Serreta has been transformed over the centuries because of pasturing and other activities which have left their mark, such as: collecting firewood and fan palms, limestone ovens, huntingÉ However, the most important activity to have taken place in this area has to be the stone quarry where blocks of limestone were extracted until the 1930Õs.
A progressive decrease in these traditional activities and changes in rural life has led to new uses. The creation of an interpretation area and access to it, has made this natural area the ideal place for family hiking and environmental education.
The route we suggest is quite short at 4.5km and with a low level of difficulty, but the uses man has made of the Serreta are obvious along the way. While you are walking through olive fields or orange groves or through the Mediterranean vegetation which dominates this area, you will find dry-stone wall boundaries and other constructions like limestone ovens, old cocons and the old stone quarry where you can still see the remains of some pieces of stone which nobody finished.
The route starts at the old path from Sant Carles de la Rˆpita, near to the roundabout when you come into Freginals from Amposta. Take the first path on the left which goes through Ôel corral de PedroÕ (PedroÕs farmyard) where goats pasturing in the Serreta were kept.
After 900metres you will get to a car park where you will see the remains of an old limestone oven. Follow the path going down to the old stone quarry, on the right you will see Quicolis cabin, a dry-stone wall building which is rather special due to its large size. This impressive building made by one of the stonecutters nicknamed Quicolis, and was intended to be used for sleeping in as the stonecutter had a limp which made it difficult for him to reach the village every day. Near the cabin is the remains of the stone quarry, and after returning to the main path you will come across Ôcoc— del PelleroÕ, a small cavity in the rock, which collects rainwater for drinking. Once there, you can go right, where you will find the Serreta viewpoint, which has some magnificent panoramic views. After the water storage, you continue along rural paths surrounded by agricultural landscape of dry-land farming, typical in this region, until you get to the village of Freginals where the route ends.
You can visit the Centro de Interpretaci—n de la Sierra de Montsiˆ (Montsiˆ Mountain range Interpretation Centre) in Freginals, as long as you previously arrange for a guide with the Educational and Tourist Service at Terres de lÕEbre Museum. This is an area for giving information and interpreting the natural value of the Montsiˆ mountain range and the development of manÕs activities in the region. Other outstanding elements you can see during your visit here to our small village, are the Sant Bartolomeu church (18th century) and the ancestral home of the Marti Miralles family which today is the town hall (18th century).
The educational and tourist service at Terres de lÕEbre Museum suggest this route, visiting Freginals and the Sierra de Montsiˆ Interpretation Centre. For more information: www.museuterresebre.cat, or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org or phone: 638 020 405