Patronat de Turisme de la Diputació de TarragonaDiputació de Tarragona
Terres de l'Ebre 
© Jarkov Reverté
© Jarkov Reverté
© Consorci de la Serra de Llaberia
© David Guixé
© David Guixé
© Consorci de la Serra de Llaberia
© David Guixé
© Consorci de la Serra de Llaberia
© Consorci de la Serra de Llaberia

LlaberiaMountains

Conservation of black pine forests with LIFE+PINASSA

The aim of LIFE+PINASSA is to improve conservation of black pine forests (Pinus nigra subsp. Slazmannii) belonging to the Catalonia Natura 2000 network. Black pine trees are considered to be within the Habitats Directive as a priority habitat of community interest.

The main aim of the project is to preserve black pine forests within the Catalonia Natura 2000 Network, by implementing measures to tackle the biggest problems and threats to the habitat.

At Terres de l’Ebre, the main areas to be tackled are the Sierra de Llaberia area of natural interest and Els Ports nature park.

The LIFE+PINASSA project (LIFE 13 NAT/birdwatchingnews/es/ 000724 Sustainable management for preserving black pine forests) was approved in 2014 to last for 5 years, and with a budget of €1,440,247, to be 75% co-financed by the European Union. There are four embers of this project which are the Standing Forestry Committee, the Forest Technology Centre of Catalonia, Catalonia Foundation - La Pedrera and the Department of the Interior of the Generalitat de Cataluña through GRAF fire-fighters. In Terres de l’Ebre, gets the collaboration of Llaberia Mountain and Els Ports Natural Park.

The main aim of the project is to preserve black pine forests within the Catalonia Natura 2000 Network by implementing measures to tackle the biggest problems and threats to the habitat. This habitat is in process of deterioration and recession with a lack of mature forest, scant biological diversity with very little strength or ability to regenerate and exposed to huge forest fires and the effects of climate change.

Exemplary conservation conduct in these areas will clearly demonstrate the effectiveness of sustainable and ecosystem management.

Action will be taken in various protected natural areas in Catalonia. The black pine trees occupy a surface area of 117,692 ha, 50% of which are mixed formations. A good part of these pine trees are designated as Special Areas of Conservation (ZEC), meaning in areas of community importance for conservation of biodiversity.

Project action will take place in 10 different ZECs, 5 located in the Pyrenean and central bio-geographical region and the rest in the south. Black pine forests in these areas occupy a total of 19,831 ha, and preserving these is a huge responsibility due to their high level of vulnerability.

7 kinds of conservation action will take place on this land:

In different areas where action is to be taken, the structure of the forest and changes produced by the implementation of this project will also be studied. Furthermore, samples of unusual flora, birdlife and edaphic fauna.

Inventory of forest birds

The most commonly used method is that of quantitative listening stations. The result is expressed as an accurate index of abundance (IPA). The stations are circular and last for 20 minutes. Birds are counted in three areas: within 25m, between 25 and 50m and more than 50m, therefore, all contacts within 50m can be associated to the stand in question. The distance between stations is a minimum of 250m. Counting takes place in the breeding season (20 April - 10 June), starting first thing in the morning, half an hour after sunrise and going on until 11am, a period when bird activity is at its peak, and is always done by the same observer.

Land

Stand

EE

Richness bird total

Creepers*

Coll del Guix

C6.07

2

8,5

0,5

* All woodpeckers, short-toed treecreepers and Eurasian nuthatches.

To follow there is a list of all species found, making a varied community. Among them is the
songthrush (Turdus philomelos),  blackbird (Turdus merula), European robin (Erithacus rubecula), Eurasian jay (Garrulus glandarius) and possibly the common chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs) and great tit (Parus major). The birds observed are shown in the following chart.

Species

Scientific Name

Biology

Period

Common chaffinch

Fringilla coelebs

Low disperser

I-XII

Red cossbill

Loxia curvirostra

Non-disperser

I-XII

European serin

Serinus serinus

Non-disperser

I-XII

European robin

Erithacus rubecula

Medium disperser

I-XII

Common firecrest

Regulus ignicapilla

Non-disperser

I-XII

Common linnet

Carduelis cannabina

Non-disperser

I-XII

Eurasian jay

Garrulus glandarius

Medium disperser

I-XII

Meadow pipit

Anthus pratensis

Strict migrator

X-IV

Water pipit

Anthus spinoletta

Strict migrator

X-IV

European golfinch

Carduelis carduelis

Non-disperser

I-XII

Common blackbird

Turdus merula

Medium disperser

I-XII

European greenfinch

Chloris chloris

Non-disperser

I-XII

Short-toed treecreeper

Certhia brachydactyla

Non-disperser

I-XII

Songthrush 

Turdus philomelos

High Disperser

X-IV

Great tit

Parus major

Low disperser

I-XII

White wagtail

Motacilla alba

Non-disperser

I-XII

Eurasian siskin

Carduelis spinus

Non-disperser

I-XII

European crested tit

Lophophanes cristatus

Non-disperser

I-XII

Eurasian wren

Troglodytes troglodytes

Non-disperser

I-XII

Eurasian blue tit

Parus caeruleus /
Cyanistes caureleus

Non-disperser

I-XII

Common chiffchaff

Phylloscopus collybita

Non-disperser

I-XII

Common wood pigeon

Columba palumbus

Medium disperser

I-XII

Hedge sparrow

Prunella modularis

Non-disperser

I-XII

Coal tit

Parus ater
Periparus ater

Non-disperser

I-XII

Long-tailed tit

Aegithalos caudatus

Non-disperser

I-XII

Wood lark

Lullula arborea

Non-disperser

I-XII

Brambling 

Fringilla montifringilla

Low disperser

IX-III

Common raven

Corvus corax

Non-disperser

I-XII

Red-billed chough

Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax

Non-disperser

I-XII

Green woodpecker

Picus viridis

Non-disperser

I-XII

Tree pipit

Anthus trivialis

Strict migrator

III-X

These are all quite common birds and can be observed throughout the year, although the best seasons are undoubtedly spring and autumn.

Expected results LIFE+ PINASSA project

There is further information on this project on the web page:
http://lifepinassa.eu/?lang=es

The scenic value of the black pine in Terres de l’Ebre
There are two elements which give the black pine such high value, the first is the presence of such monumental trees such as the Pimpoll, Ramut (The leafy pine) and the Pi Gros (The great pine), and the second is their geographical position in Llaberia, Cardó and Els Ports mountain ranges, which are obviously in high areas and have incredible panoramic views. You should not miss them.