MuseumTerres de l’Ebre
The Godall mountain range, nature, man and scenery
The Godall mountain range is one of the most unknown and yet most interesting natural areas in Terres de l’Ebre. It is located in the Montsià region between the Montsià mountains and Els Ports massif, and is a magnificent vantage point for contemplating fantastic panoramic views of the region and its most important natural areas (the Ebro delta, Els Ports Nature Park and Foia de Ulldecona). Its morphology, which is so agreeable to visitors, makes it the ideal place to do nature activities, whether it is routes on foot, family outings or mountain biking in the mountains, you can discover some wonderful natural beauty spots full of ancient traditions.
The mountain range is part of the extensive Terres de l’Ebre Biosphere. It is a declared Area of Natural Interest and is part of the Red Natura 2000. Appreciation and protection of these mountains and their biodiversity are guaranteed by the presence of outstanding botanical species like the Ferula (Ferula lascassi), lily (Iris spuria e Iris foetisissima), and other interesting plants like Ballota hirsuta, Euphorbia isatidifolia, and different species of orchidetc., and spectacular animals in danger of extinction like the Bonelli’s eagle, the eagle owl, Montagu’s harrier and the black-shouldered kite.
This area has been inhabited for thousands of years, and the fruits of ancient settlements are artistic testimonies like the cave paintings in the Hermitage caves which have been declared a World Heritage, and where man’s relationship with nature is evident. Over time, humans have taken advantage of this area and transformed it with their activities, creating an environment which although touched by human hand still maintains its natural value.
Throughout the year the mountain range is anything but static, as every season it is filled with life with the changing nature and activities of its inhabitants. In winter, when everything seems to be resting, inhabitants hasten to collect olives, almonds or carob beans whilst migratory birds such as thrushes, start arriving in the fields, escaping from the cold in the north. In spring, birdsong can be heard in every corner, when shrub and scrub land, almond groves and cherry orchards are bursting with flowers. In summer when the heat arrives, reptiles and insects liven up the mountains with frenetic activity, although they do escape the hottest hours of the day. In autumn, while work is centred on harvesting crops, the hunting season begins and in some clearings in the mountain forest you will see the first wild mushrooms.
Water in this region is a basic, vital element which has made the countryside exceptionally unique, underground water flowing through these mountains has, over thousands of years excavated and destroyed the limestone rock creating numerous caves and gorges. On the other hand, inhabitants have needed to use water resources for crops, flocks or their own use, hence the construction of many wells, fountains and rock hollows for water storage, to be found throughout the mountain range.
The Godall Mountains Interpretation Centre was opened in Godall in 2009. The centre has two halls, the first for a permanent exhibition with original objects, audiovisual material, illustrations and texts which inform visitors of the natural resources and man’s transformation, or humanization of the mountains. The other hall is for multiple uses such as temporary exhibitions, conferences etc.
Godall Mountains are a magnificent example of how nature and man can coexist, with a perfect balance of elements which arose from the intervention of its inhabitants on the environment with dry farming, country houses, barns, livestock trails (tracks used regularly by livestock), shelters and other dry-wall constructions, fountains, ‘Cocos’ (hollows in the rock where water was stored) etc., these are all part of the nature and create an area touched by man, which is rich in life and impresses visitors with its beautiful scenery.
The Terres de l’Ebre Museum has educational and tourist services offering different routes and itineraries for discovering the natural and cultural heritage of Godall Mountains. You can get information from: www.museuterresebre.cat, send an email to email@example.com or phone: 977 702 954
And you can visit also the Godall Mountains Interpretation Centre:
Saturdays, from 10 am to 1 pm and from 3:30 pm to 19:30 pm.
From 21 of june to 21 of september
From Tuesdays to Sundays, from 10 am to 12 am and from 5 pm to 7 pm.
Casal Municipal. C/ Joan Tomàs, 7
Tel.: 977 73 83 24